According to the Romania Country Economic Memorandum (2020), Romania’s income per capita increased, driven by private consumption and an investment rebound. The labor market tightened, and unemployment reached historic lows, but this economic success rests on the wobbly foundations of unfavorable demographics, weak human capital, and ineffective institutions. Pension payments have been increased, undermining the system’s sustainability. Migration policy has been focused on retaining educated young Romanians. Anti-discrimination and labor-market mobility policies for migrants are strong, but education access and naturalization policies are weaker. Teacher salaries have been increased, and investments have improved school facilities. However, the education system remains of poor quality overall, with serious structural problems. Nearly one-third of the country’s population is at risk of social exclusion, with higher rates among the Roma. An anti-poverty program begun in 2016 has been largely ineffective.
On the other hand, the public health-insurance system falls significantly short of universality. The prevalence of informal payments, low doctor density in rural areas, and large-scale emigration exacerbate problems with care quality. Women today represent the majority of outward migrants. Finally, despite improvements to the waste-management regime, households and companies recycle little. Romania continues to struggle with developing and implementing comprehensive environmental regulations.
- Insufficient promotion of the field.
- Weak communication between good doers and beneficiaries.
- Fragmentation in efforts.
- Insufficient challenges for sustainability and access to funding.
- Lack of reliable data for policymaking.
- Labour force migration.
- Mindset barriers.
- Large disparities between regions.
- The existing political system and its directions.
- Creating a risk of dependency relationships.
- Lack of predictability because of legislation changes.
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The SOLID Platform is a project leaded by EL SPACE Social Innovation Hub and Co-Financed by the EUErasumsPlusProgramme. This Project will gather change-makers from Tunisia, Egypt, Romania, Jordan, Turkey, Austria, and Macedonia and will be the beginning of a fruitful collaboration to drive change towards an effective and inclusive global community of social innovators.
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